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Understanding Melanin




The natural colouring of our skin is a fascinating aspect of dermatology that influences our appearance and overall skin health. Understanding pigmentation is crucial for achieving radiant, healthy skin, whether it's freckles, sunspots, or uneven tone.


At The Facial Specialist, we're on a mission to provide you with amazing results and arm you with the knowledge you need to achieve to continue getting these results.


So what is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation refers to the colour of our skin, determined by the amount of melanin. Melanin plays a vital role in protecting our skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation, but when its production becomes irregular or excessive, pigmentation can arise.


Types of Pigmentation Disorders:

  1. Hyperpigmentation: This occurs when there's an overproduction of melanin, leading to dark patches or spots on the skin. Common types include melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

  2. Hypopigmentation: Hypopigmentation, on the other hand, occurs when there's a decrease in melanin production, resulting in lighter patches or areas of the skin. Conditions like vitiligo and albinism are examples of hypopigmentation disorders.


Causes of Pigmentation: Several factors contribute to pigmentation disorders, including:

  • Sun Exposure: UV radiation stimulates melanin production, leading to sunspots and uneven pigmentation.

  • Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, hormonal contraceptives, and hormonal imbalances can trigger melasma, often referred to as the "mask of pregnancy."

  • Inflammation: Skin trauma, acne, or other inflammatory conditions can lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

  • Genetics: Some pigmentation disorders have a genetic component, making certain individuals more prone to developing them.

Managing Pigmentation

Managing pigmentation involves a tailored approach to individual skin types and concerns. Here are some examples

  • Sun Protection: Sunscreen is your best defense against pigmentation disorders. Opt for broad-spectrum SPF to shield your skin from harmful UV rays.

  • Topical Treatments: Ingredients like retinoids, vitamin C, and kojic acid can help reduce hyperpigmentation and even skin tone.

  • Chemical Peels: Chemical peels can exfoliate the skin and improve pigmentation by removing damaged outer layers and stimulating collagen production. We love the BioRePeel

  • Laser Therapy: Laser treatments target pigmented cells and can be effective for stubborn pigmentation concerns like melasma and sunspots.

  • Bio-Microneedling: In just 5 minutes, 3- 5  million natural siliceous microneedles are directly introduced to the dermis layer through hand massage to stimulate collagen regeneration. We love the results we are seeing with Bio Needling


Understanding pigmentation is essential for maintaining healthy, radiant skin. By identifying the causes and implementing appropriate treatment strategies, you can effectively manage pigmentation disorders and achieve a more even, youthful complexion.


Remember, consistency and patience are key when addressing pigmentation concerns, so don't hesitate to consult with a skincare professional for personalised advice and treatment options tailored to your skin's unique needs.

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